Qabr – The Grave

Imagine a person….this person –  he is living a life of contentment, a life of happiness, a life which the average individual in society would be envious of…This individual he has achieved success in his working life ….this individual has success in his family life….he has a wife and he has his children….until one day, he returns home from work..thinking that this day is like every other day….he embraces his wife….he hugs and plays with his children….he eats his dinner….and finally, late at night .. he goes to bed…

As he closes his eyes, he feels uneasy…he feels something is abnormal….he realises that his heart is beating faster, he’s breathing is becoming more difficult…he’s voice becomes croaky…he tries to call his wife…yet, it is of no avail…he panics….and he’s wife awakens due to his frantic movements.

He soon realises…that his life is coming towards an end…and there is nothing he can do….and the verse of Allaah comes to mind:

اللَّـهُ يَتَوَفَّى الْأَنفُسَ حِينَ مَوْتِهَا وَالَّتِي لَمْ تَمُتْ فِي مَنَامِهَا ۖ فَيُمْسِكُ الَّتِي قَضَىٰ عَلَيْهَا الْمَوْتَ وَيُرْسِلُ الْأُخْرَىٰ إِلَىٰ أَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

Allah takes the souls at the time of their death, and those that do not die [He takes] during their sleep. Then He keeps those for which He has decreed death and releases the others for a specified term. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought. (Surah Zumar Verse 42)

 

The ‘ulama they have derived from this verse….there are 2 deaths…one is the greater death and one is the lesser death. The lesser death happens to be when one goes to sleep and and the greater death is when one does not remain alive in this dunya anymore.

So, Imagine yourself at the time of death….every opportunity you had to do good….you have not taken it….every act of filth..every mundane action that leads towards nothing but, harm – you have received it with open arms…you were happy to take part in action for what…nothing but, a temporary enjoyment.

So, now you are in your death bed…and your situation has become so bad…that your kids are awake and your parents awaken and all surround you by your bedside.

Your youngest Child….he looks at you..with innocent eyes…and says…’Oh my beloved father…what is happening to you?…you are too weak to respond..you are too weak to even hug your son……so, this son.,..he turns towards his mother…and says…’Why isn’t my father speaking to me..what is wrong him’….Your oldest daughter…realises that your time in this world is limited…so, she leaves the room upset…..and slowly, your eyes turn towards your elderly father and your mother….you did not fulfil their rights…and yet, they tried their utmost best to raise you in the best of manners. Your father looks at you and says … speak to me my son…but, again you are too weak to respond…your mother holds your hand and kisses you on your forehead just like she used to when you were young….Now, you realise…that you want to pray…now you realise you want to fast…now you realise that you want to fulfil the obligations ordained upon by Allaah Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala…but, it is too late.

كَلَّا إِذَا بَلَغَتِ التَّرَاقِيَ ﴿٢٦﴾ وَقِيلَ مَنْ ۜ رَاقٍ ﴿٢٧﴾ وَظَنَّ أَنَّهُ الْفِرَاقُ

your soul will be pulled out of your body and it will reach your collarbones. WHO WILL CURE HIM?..Who will be able to intervene and stop death from overtaking him?… And the dying one is certain that it is the [time of] separation

Seperation from the temporary enjoyment of this world…separation from his friends and family of this world.

Yaa Ahuyal Muslimoon….
Do we not ponder upon death…do we not know Yaa Ayuhal Muslimoon,,,that from the start of this khutbah till the time we have reached now…we are that close to our death…do we not know ya Ayyuhal Muslimoon…that every second that passes us by…we are one second closer to our death…..

How many people have we seen…young individuals…who have their whole life ahead of them as they say…as they say..they had their whole life ahead of them…..Allaah took away their souls..

Uthman Radi’Allaahu ‘Anh…as reported by Ahmad and Tirmidhi (Hasan)…used to stand near the grave…and cry until his beard became wet with tears….and it was said to him…you mention jannah..and you mention naar (the fire)..yet you do not cry….but, you cry at this? … ‘Uthman RadiaAllaahu ‘Anh said: That the prophet SAW said – القبر أول منازل الآخرة،

فإن ينج منه فما بعده أيسر منه، وإن لم ينج منه فما بعده أشد منه

Inna Al-Qabra awwalu manaazilil Aakhirah…fa iyyanju minhu famaa ba’dahu aysara minh….wa illam yanju minu famaa ba’dahu ashaddu minh.

Verily, the Grave is the first stage of the hereafter, so, whoever is saved from it…what comes after becomes easy…and who ever is not saved from it..what comes after…is more severe than it.

The he went on to say .. that the prophet SAW said: I have never seen anything frightening except, that the grave is more frightening than it….

Upon the authority of al-Bara’ ibn `Aazib who said: We went out with the the Prophet (salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam) to a burial of a man from the Ansar (original inhabitants of Madina) until we arrived at the grave, and he still had not been placed in the slot of the grave.

Then the Messenger of Allah (salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam) sat down and we sat around him. You would have thought that birds were upon our heads from our silence, and in the hand of the Messenger of Allah (salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam) was a stick which he was poking the ground with. Then he said to us: “Ask Allah for refuge from the torment of the grave”, he repeated this command two or three times. Then he said: “Verily, the believing servant, when leaving this life and journeying to the hereafter angels will descend upon him, their faces will be white as if they were suns, they will have with them a shroud (kafan) from the shroud of Paradise), and an embalmment (HanouT) from the embalmments of heaven. Then, they will sit within eye-shot of him.

Then the angel of death (peace be upon him) will come and sit at his head and will say “O you virtuous soul; come out to a forgiveness and a pleasure from your Lord “. So it will come out as a drop comes out of the mouth of a jug (with ease), then he will take it, not leaving it in his hand for longer that a blink of an eye until they (he and the other angels) have placed it in that shroud and that embalmment. And there will emanate from it a smell like that of the most sweet smelling musk on the face of the earth. Then they shall ascend with it, and they shall not pass with it by any group of angels but they will say: What is this good and sweet-smelling soul?. Then they shall say to them (he is) “such” the son of “such” choosing the best of the names he used to be called in this life. Until they reach the lowest sky, then they shall ask permission to enter, and they shall be granted entry, until they end at the seventh heaven sky, then Allah, exalted and high, shall say: “write the book of my servant in `illiyeen (1) [And what will expalin to you what Illiyeen is `illiyeen, there is a register fully inscribed to which bear witness those nearest to Allah (see 83:18)], and his book will be written in `illiyeen, and the shall be said “return him to the earth, for [I promised them] I have created them from it, and into it I shall return them, and from it I shall extract (resurrect) them a second time (20:55)”. So [he is returned to earth and] his soul is returned to his body [he said and he will hear the footsteps of his friends who buried him when they leave him].

Then two [severe] angels shall come and [terrify him and] sit him up next to them and shall ask him: “Who is your Lord?”. He shall reply “My Lord is Allah”. Then they shall ask him: “What is your religion?”. He shall answer them: “My religion is Islam”. Then they shall ask him “Who is this man who was sent among you?”. He will reply “He is the Messenger of Allah (salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam) peace be upon him”. Then they shall ask him “What have you done?”. He shall reply: “I read the book of Allah, then I believed in it and accepted it”. [The angel will terrify him and ask him “who is your Lord?”, “what is your religion?” “who is your prophet?”, and this will be the last trial on earth for the believer, it is then when Allah says : “Allah will establish in strength those who believe with the word that stands firm in this world”, so he will answer my Lord is Allah, my religion is Islam and my Prophet is Mohammad salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam. Then a caller will call from the sky: “My slave has spoken the truth, so spread out for him from the heaven, and clothe him from the heaven, and open a door for him from the heaven (within his grave)”, so it’s goodness and its smell will come unto him, then his grave will be expanded for him as far as he can see.

Then a man will come to him. His face will be handsome, and his clothes will be handsome, and his smell will be sweet. Then he shall say unto him: I bring you glade tidings of that which will make you happy [Rejoice with a pleasure of Allah and delights that endure]. This is the day that you were promised (46:16). Then he will say [and may Allah give you glad tiding] “who are you?, for your face is the face of someone who comes with good news”. He shall reply: “I am your good deeds, [by Allah, I did not know of you but that you were quick to the obedience of Allah and slow to His desoobedience, so may Allah reward you good]“. Then he shall say: “My Lord bring the hour so that I might return to my family and my wealth” [it will be said to him "be tranquil"].

He (Mohammed, salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: { And the disbelieving [transgressor/wicked] servant}, if he is leaving this life and journeying to the hereafter then angels will descend upon him, their faces will be black, they have with them a coarse woolen fabric (sackcloth)[ made of fire]. Then they will sit within eye-shot of him. Then the angel of death will come and sit at his head and will say “O you wicked soul; come out to a anger from your Lord and a fury (from Him)”. So it will be distributed (spread out) throughout his body, then it will be ripped away as a skewer/spit is ripped out of damp cotton [and in its way out it will tear and cut the nerves and blood vessels] [and then he will be cursed by all the angels between the earth and the sky and by all the angels in the sky, and the gates of heaven are closed. There is no gate in the heaven but its people supplicate that the wicked soul shall not be ascended to their side], then he will take it (the soul), not leaving it in his hand for longer than a blink of an eye until they have placed it in that sackcloth. And there will emanate from it a stench like that of the most evil smelling corpse on the face of the earth. Then they shall ascend with it, and they shall not pass with it by a group of angels but they will say: What is this wicked soul?. Then they shall say to them (he is) “such” the son of “such” choosing the most hated of the names he used to be called in this life. Until they reach the lowest heaven(sky), then they shall ask permission to enter, and they shall not be granted entry. Then the Messenger of Allah (salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam) recited “The doors of the sky are not opened to them, nor shall they enter heaven until the camel passes through the eye of the needle” (7:40).

Then Allah, exalted and high, shall say: “write the book of my servant in Sijjeen (2)(83:7) in the lowest earth”. [Then will be said "return my slave to the earth, for I promised them I have created them from it, and into it I shall return them, and from it I shall extract (resurrect) them a second time (20:55)"]. Then his soul shall be taken away [from the sky] with a mighty hurl [until it is cast into his body]. Then he (the Prophet salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam) read: “and those who associate partners with Allah, They are as one who falls from the sky then is snatched by the birds or is cast by the wind into a very low place (22:31)”. Then his soul will be returned into his body, [he (the prophet) said : verily he will hear the footsteps of his friends who buried him when they leave him]. Then two harsh severe and fearsome angels shall come and [terrify him and] sit him up and shall ask him: “Who is your Lord?”. He shall reply “Huh?, Huh (this is an expression of sorrow), I don’t know”. Then they shall ask him: “What is your religion?”. He shall answer them: “Huh?, Huh?, I don’t know”. Then they shall ask him “Who is this man who was sent among you?”. He will reply “Huh?, Huh?, I don’t know [I heard people saying that!]“. He (the Prophet salla Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said “And then will be said to him don’t ever know and don’t ever recite!”].

Then a caller will call from the sky: “My slave has spoken falsely, so spread out for him from the hell fire, and open a door for him from the hell fire (within his grave)”, so its heat and hot wind will come unto him, then his grave will be contracted upon him until his limbs are caught up among one another. Then a man will come to him. His face will be ugly, and his clothes will be ugly, and his smell will be vile. Then he shall say unto him: I bring you tidings of that which will harm you. This is the day that you were promised (70:44). Then he will say “who are you?, for your face is the face of someone who comes with evil”. He shall reply: “I am your evil deeds. Then he shall say: “My Lord do not bring the hour”.

 

It is narrated from ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (radhiallahu `anhu) that he said in his Khutbah
(sermon):

‘O slaves of Allah! Be cautious of death; be cautious of death, for there is no escaping it. If you stand up to it, it will take you and if you flee from it then it will only catch up with you.
Death is tied to your forelocks so seek salvation, seek salvation. Indeed there is behind you an ardent seeker and that is the grave. Surely, the grave is either a garden from the gardens of  Paradise or a ditch from the ditches of Hell. It speaks everyday saying ‘I am the home of darkness, I am the home of loneliness, I am the home of the worms.’ Indeed after that will be a Day more severe than that day, a Day in which a child will become grey-haired and an adult
will be in a drunken state:

“… and you shall see mankind as in a drunken state, yet they will not be drunk, but severe
will be the Torment of Allah.” [al-Hajj: 2]

And finally, we end the khutbah, by reminding ourselves of the prophetic advice as mentioned by Imam Muslim in his sahih: Visit the graves for it is a reminder of death.

And the purpose of you visiting the grave should be:

تذكر الموت والآخرة  2- تقصر الأمل  3- تزهد في الدنيا  4- ترقق القلوب  5- تدمع الأعين  6- تدفع الغفلة  7- تورقث الخشية  8- تورث الاجتهاد في العبادة

 

 

Time Khutbah

Brothers, there is a surah in the Qur’an. A surah that many of us know…many of us have memorised. A surah that is short in its words but powerful in its meaning. A surah that many of us neglect…we don’t pay heed to. Many of us do not implement it. A surah that is of such importance that at-tabarani narrates that….whenever 2 of the companions of the Prophet [SAW] met, they would not part, they would not leave each other’s company until one had recited this surah to the other. This surah was of such importance that Imam As-Shafiee mentioned that…..’If all the people reflected over this surah…it would have been sufficient for them.’

103:1

Wal Asr’……By time…..Allah is swearing by time. Know that whenever Allah swears by something, He [SWT] is taking an oath. Allah is showing us that whatever is to follow this oath, whatever comes after this oath, it is of great importance…..of great significance.

103:2

Innal Insaana la fee khusr……Indeed…..Verily….mankind is in loss….mankind is in destruction.

103:3

Ilal la theena aamanu, wa amulusaali haati, wata wa sow bil haqqi, wata wa sow bis sabr. Except those who believe, and do righteous deeds, and recommend one another to the truth, and recommend one another to patience.

My dear brothers in Islam, Imam As-Shafiee says that ‘time is a sword, if you do not cut it then it will cut you.’ If that is the case, then we are being cut by time, we are being butchered by time….we are being slaughtered by time.

Why is this the case? The main reason for us wasting time is because we are being deceived by this dunya…..we are being deceived by this world and its affairs. Uthman bin Affan….the 3rd caliphate of Islam, he mentions that absorption in worldly affairs breeds darkness in the heart, and absorption in the akhira, in the next world enkindles light in the heart.

You notice that when a newborn child is born….when the child comes out of its mother’s womb…when it enters this world……its hands are closed and clinging almost as if the child is showing that it is clinging to this world, to this life, to the worldly pleasures. And you see when a person dies that this is not the case….this person after death has their hands wide, as if to show…..I am leaving this world with nothing, just as I entered with nothing.

102:1

102:2

The mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, Until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die). (Surah Takathur (1-2).

We need to realise this life is a deception. That when mankind is in this dunya, we have no direction at all…..just seeking the pleasure of this life……….and out of the mercy of Allah….Allah gives mankind Prophet after Prophet……Messenger after Messenger until the Prophet [SAW]. Many nations have followed many Prophets and many nations have followed the Messengesr as they sought Jannah…..and then on their journey they start becoming complacent….self-satisfied……less worried in their following and became deceived by this world. We need to ask ourselves……are we from those being deceived?

For those who may think that they will fulfil their obligations, their responsibilities in the deen of Allah, in Islam…that they will worry about such matters after university or when they become older or after they’ve settled down. Then you should know that Ibn ul Qayyim describes this life very beautifully. He summarised life into 3 stages…..the 1st stage is as a toddler….a child….when your only concern is about play and amusement. Then after some time you become a young adult and you concern yourself with boasting and beautifying yourself. Then in your final stage in life…as a full grown adult you concern yourself with amounting wealth and children. You say InshAllah I will change but do not realise that the next stage in life becomes harder. So waste no more time thinking about what a good Muslim should be. Become one. We need to hold ourselves accountable before we are called to account.

We will be asked on the Day of Judgement about our youth and how we spent it. We seem to revise all day and all night for our exams but what about our real test? Our real exam? When we have time we occupy ourselves with t.v, games…and other mundane activities but do we ever occupy ourselves with these things when we have an exam deadline? We have to ask ourselves these questions. Are we really preparing for our unknown deadline? Know that not a moment….not a blinking of the eye passes except that we are experiencing the blessing of Allah. When we wake up in the morning, we possess our hearing but do we use this to listen to halal things….to the Qur’an? We possess our sight but do we use it to look at the mushaf? We possess our strength but do we use it to pray our salah, to fast, to pray the night prayer? We possess our breath, but do we use every breath to mention the name of Allah? To glorify and praise Allah? We need to ask ourselves who is safeguarding all of this? Is it us who bestow this on ourselves? Or is the Allah, the Most Merciful?…..Then why are we not using these blessing to please Allah, the one who possess everything? Are we not then grateful?

We need to know that this life is a stopping place where we are just collecting provisions. Think of it this way my beloved brothers…..this life…..it holds the seeds…..and the next life…..it holds the plantation grown from these seeds. But what good are these seeds if you do not plant them? What good are the seeds if you just eat them? We need to invest from this life, which is nothing but a day or an afternoon.

You may be thinking…who are those who make the most of their time? What are their characteristics?…. Allah describes them in the Qur’an as ‘Was saabiqoon as saabiqoon’ ….’and those foremost will be foremost’. They are those who are foremost in this deen, in Islam. They are those who proceed others in doing good actions. Those who struggle and strived for the religion of Allah, for the pleasure of Allah, for the Face of Allah [SWT]. They are the ones who will be foremost in Jannah…in Paradise. The people who rush for good deeds, who act NOW…..who don’t give a 2nd thought after about something that will bring them closer to Allah in a halal manner. To them…time that is not spent in expiating sins, extinguishing sins or not spent in seizing opportunities to perform righteous deeds that will bring them closer to Allah is time wasted, time that is useless. They are the type of people who are always itching to come closer to Allah, to remember Allah. These are the characteristics of believer who uses time well…..the characteristics of the people of Jannah.

56:25

Laa yasmaa’una feeha laghwanw wa laa ta’theema

No Laghw…no evil vain talk will they hear in Paradise, or any sinful speech. Why do the people of Jannah not engage in this type of speech? This unnecessary speech? It is because it is not a characteristic of those who use their time well, because it is a characteristic of those of the Hellfire. You can tell where a person is from, where a person belongs…just from their characteristics so avoid the characteristics of those of the Hellfire….beware of unnecessary speech. Before you open your mouth….ask yourself….what is the benefit of what I am going to say? Will I benefit from it? Will my brother benefit from it? Will anyone benefit from it?

Second Khutbah

I love you for the sake of Allah O Brothers…that is why I advise you to fulfil your obligations to Allah. Contemplate on your lifestyle. Recognise your weaknesses. If you are not fulfilling your obligations to Allah, then I advise you, sincerely fom the bottom of my heart, to fulfil them…for Allah has fulfilled his obligations to you and always will. Allah has provided for you, he has given you safety, given you blessings that nobody can ever give or even replace. I advise you to begin with the main things, like praying the obligatory prayers, fasting during ramadhan. Do not keep postponing your responsibilities…thinking that you will just say La ilaha illa Allah on your deathbed, as if we know our decreed time to leave this world. As if we know the unseen….it is true that the shahadah, that la ilaha illa Allah is the key to paradise, but also know that has its ridges, its cuts, its shape and the ridges of the shahadah is its conditions. A door will not open unless you have the right key with the right ridges….when these ridges are made, when these conditions are met…..only then will the door of Paradise be open for you. Allah says,

82:6

‘O Mankind, what has deceived you concerning your Lord, The Generous’. Why does Allah use his Name ‘The Generous’ as opposed to ‘The All-Mighty, The Powerful’? It is because Allah knows we will use the excuse that He is The Most Merciful, The Most Generous, so He shows us that even though He is The Most-Generous, we are still deceiving ourselves.

For those of you who are fulfilling their obligations to Allah, then I advise you to do you recommended acts, to do your sunan, to carry out nawafil. Pray your sunnah prayers, fast Mondays and Thursdays, pray the night prayers. Verily, Allah loves the regular deeds.

O brothers in Islam…Use your time well. Every second, every minute, every hour, every day is either for you or against you. Read Qur’an regularly. Read Qur’an on your way to university, on your way home, when your wake up, before you go to sleep, on your revision breaks, on the bus, on the train, in the library. Do not be afraid to read the Qur’an, but rather be ashamed not to read the Qur’an. Set yourself targets. Try to memorise at least one verse a day InshAllah. Give yourself a specific time if you have to.

Also repent to Allah. The Prophet [SAW] used to repent to Allah more than 70 times in a day….and this was the Prophet of Allah [SAW]…..who was forgiven his past, present and future sins. The Prophet [SAW] said, ‘It is a heavy thing for my heart if I do not seek Allah’s forgiveness 100 times a day.’

The Prophet [SAW] was always attentive in his remembrance and drawing nearer to Allah and if from time to time he forgot to do something he normally does, or it slipped his mind, he felt as if he had wronged himself and begin seeking Allah’s forgiveness. We have to ask ourselves……how many times do we remember Allah? And more importantly, do we feel regret when we don’t?

Make du’aa to Allah that you make the most of your time, that Allah opens the doors of opportunities for gaining more reward and that He closes the doors for gaining sins. Know that the best time to make du’aa is when you are closest to Allah, and that time is when you are in sujood, in prostration, so invoke Allah much in prostration….just like those from as-saabiqoon. In order for you to be of the saabiqoon, the foremost, it is best to be with as-saabiqoon. Have a companion to compete with.

Just like when Abu Bakr and Umar (may Allah be pleased with them) used to compete. When the Prophet (sallahu ‘alayhi wa salam) called the people to give their wealth for the sake of Allah. That day when Umar was determined to finally beat Abu Bakr, and he brought half of his wealth, and was sure that Abu Bakr will not beat him. Abu Bakr later came and gave a small amount, and the Prophet (sallahu ‘alayhi wa salam) asked Abu Bakr how much he gave and he replied all my wealth. And the Prophet (sallahu ‘alayhi wa salam) asked what he left for his family and Abu Bakr replied, ‘Allah and His Messenger.’  These are the companions we need, those who desire paradise…working for it…racing against time. They are those who rush to obey Allah in this life and are foremost in performing acts of righteousness, they will be among the foremost believers honoured in the Hereafter.

57:21

‘Race with one another in hastening towards forgiveness from your Lord, and towards Paradise the width whereof [that] is as the width of the heaven and the earth prepared for those who believe in Allah and His Messengers. That is the bounty of Allah which He gives to whom He wills, and Allah is the possessor of great bounty.’- [Surah Hadeed; 21]

They are not those who you find in shisha cafes or down trocodero or oxford street window shopping. Know that the greatest of losses is for you to be preoccupied with one who brings you nothing but a loss in your time with Allah and being cut off from Allah…..wasting your time with that person….it is a weakening of the heart and energy. So, save your heart, be wary of how you spend your days and your nights. Find people who are concerned with their time and those who worship Allah and not their desires…..those in university, in your local masjid, in your area, at work.

Being with such people will help you gain opportunities for much reward and help you stay away from sins, especially those that lead to habits. These habits can destroy a person. Also beware of over-indulging in mundane acts.

Know that the main solution to making the most of time and from being deceived by the worldly affairs is athkaar, is supplications.

SubhanAllah, Alhamdulillah, AllahuAkbar, Astaghfirullah. Read supplications for entering your house, leaving your house, entering the toilet, leaving the toilet, when waking up, before going to sleep, before changing clothes. Try it for one week and InshAllah you will see a difference, you will gain blessing in your time. Glorify Allah much for whoever says SubhanAllahi waBihamdihi [glorified is Allah and praised is He] 100 times a day, will have his sins forgiven even if they are like the foam of the sea.

The Prophet [SAW] mentioned that ‘two words are light on the tongue, weigh heavily on the scales, and are loved by Ar-Rahman; SubhanAllahi waBihamdhi, SubhanAllah-hil Adheem.

I just want to end with a statement of Hasan Al-Basree who mentions that ‘one of the signs of Allah’s abandoning a servant….a slave…..is Allah making him preoccupied with what does not concern him’….with things that are not of benefit. So one of the ways you can see your relationship with Allah is your use of time. We have to ask ourselves…..are we really those who make the most of our time?

Jannah (Paradise) Khutbah

Jannah Khutbah

You find that in this dunya, this world, that mankind has no direction, that mankind is misguided. Then Allah out of His Eternal, Uncomparable mercy gave mankind Prophet after Prophet, Messenger after Messenger, to live life the best way possible. And you find that people followed these Prophets, these Messengers seeking the most fruitful life in this world and the next. On their journey, like everyone else’s journey they became complacent in their following and became deceived by this life. So it was the Sunnah of Allah to remind mankind of the repellent to such things. The repellent to such heedlessness, to such complacency, to such deception.

The repellent that developed such great examples for mankind that one would give up all the pleasures of life just to meet them. From the likes of Abu Bakr, Umar, Aisha, Abu Hurayrah and many others.

‘Their reward with their Lord is ‘Adn (Eden) Paradise (Gardens of Eternity), underneath which rivers flow, they will abide therein forever, Allah Well-Pleased with them, and they with Him. That is for him who fears his Lord.’ (Surah Bayyinah:8)

The repellent of seeking Jannah, seeking Paradise and seeking to see Allah’s Face.

My dear brothers and sisters, Jannah is the fruit of a seed planted in this dunya; it is the retirement package that you save up in all your years of work.

O Worshippers of Allah! O Followers of the Prophet (sallahu alayhi wa salam)! O People of the Best Nation! Allah, Subhanhu wa Ta’ala gives glad tiding of paradise and He has promised Gardens of Eternity. Allah has promised such delights that no eye has seen, no ear has heard and no mind has imagined.

And no soul knows what has been hidden for them of comfort for eyes as reward for what they used to do. (Surah Sajdah:17)

“And if you ask about its ground and its soil, then it is of musk and saffron.

Its roof is the Throne of the Most Merciful. Its rocks are pearls and jewels. Its buildings are made of bricks of gold and silver. Its trees have trunks made of gold and silver. The fruits are softer than butter and sweeter than honey. Its leaves, then they are softer than the softest cloth.
Its rivers are rivers of milk who’s taste does not change, and rivers of wine that is delicious to those who drink it, and rivers of honey that is pure, and rivers of water that is fresh.
The food is fruits from whatever they will choose, and the meat of whatever birds they desire. Life would be so easy that if you see a bird you want to eat flying, then it would fall and be BBQ’d for you. The inhabitants will have horses made from emeralds and pearls that fly and go around with you.
The drinking cups are crystal-clear, made of gold and silver.
And if you ask about its vastness, then the lowest of its people would have within his kingdom and walls and palaces and gardens the distance that would be travelled in a thousand years.

Its tents is like a concealed pearl that is sixty miles long. Every believer will have four doors for his house; the first one for angels to visit him, the second for the Hoor Al-‘Ayn, the third door will be a closed door between him and the hellfire to remind him of the blessing he is in and the last door is between him and darus salam which he will go through to meet Allah.

Their towers are rooms above rooms in buildings that have rivers running underneath them.

And if you ask about the clothing of its inhabitants, then they are of silk and gold.

The faces of its inhabitants and their beauty, then they are like the image of the Moon.

And they will be hearing the singing of their wives from among the Hoor al-’Ayn, and better than that are the voices of the Angels and the Prophets, and better than that is the Speech of the Lord of the Worlds.
They will have young boys as servants who resemble scattered pearls.

And if you ask about their brides and wives, then they are young and full-breasted and have the liquid of youth flowing through their limbs; the Sun runs along the beauty of her face, light shines from between her teeth if she smiles; he sees his face in the roundness of her cheek as if he is looking into a polished mirror, and he sees the brightness from behind her muscles and bones;

If she were to be unleashed upon the World, she would fill what is between the Heavens and the Earth with a beautiful wind, and the mouths of the creation would glorifiy, praise, and exclaim greatness, and everything between the East and the West would be adorned for her, and every eye would be shut from everything but her, and the light of the Sun would be outshone just as the light of the Sun outshines the stars, and everyone on the face of the Earth would believe in Allah.
And the covering on her head is better than the World and all that is in it, just like her covering in this world. And she does not increase with age except in beauty; free from an umbilical cord, childbirth and menses, and pure of mucous, saliva, urine and other filthy things; her youth never fades, her clothing is never worn out, no garment can be created that matches her beauty, and no one who is with her can ever become bored; her attention is restricted to her husband, so she desires none but him, just as his attention is restricted to her so she is the sole object of his desire, and he is with her in utmost safety and security, as none has touched her before of either humans or Jinn. (excerpt from Haadi al-Arwaah ilaa Bilaad il-Afraah by Ibn al-Qayyim, pg. 193) http://www.kalamullah.com/paradise.html

And the most beautiful woman for a man is the wife he had in this life. For she will be the Queen of the Hoor Al-‘Ayn, and they will her maidens, for she is more deserving of more beauty than them.

Second Khutbah

In Jannah, you will meet people you’ve always wanted to meet or those you miss….family members, great scholars, revivers, angels,…Prophets…..Messengers. But Ibn ul Qayyim mentions from a compilation of Ahadith, about the greatest of meetings, the happiest moment one would ever experience.

‘On the day that the caller will call: ‘O People of Paradise! Your Lord – Blessed and Exalted – requests you to visit Him, so come to visit Him!’ So they will say: ‘We hear and obey!’

Until, when they finally reach the wide valley where they will all meet – and none of them will turn down the request of the caller.

The Lord – Blessed and Exalted – will order His Chair to be brought there. Then, pulpits of light will emerge, as well as pulpits of pearls, gemstone, gold, and silver. The lowest of them in rank will sit on sheets of musk, and will not see what those who are on the chairs above them are given.

When they are comfortable where they are sitting and are secure in their places, and the caller calls: ‘O People of Paradise! You have an appointment with Allaah in which He wishes to reward you!’ So they will say: ‘And what is that reward? Has He not already made our faces bright, made our scales heavy, entered us into Paradise, and pushed us away from the Fire?’

And when they are like that, all of a sudden a light shines that encompasses all of Paradise. So, they raise their heads, and, behold: the Compeller – Exalted is He, and Holy are His Names – has come to them from above them and majestified them and said: ‘O People of Paradise! Peace be upon you!’

So, this greeting will not be responded to with anything better than:

‘O Allaah! You are Peace, and from You is Peace! Blessed are You, O possessor of Majesty and Honor!’

So the Lord – Blessed and Exalted – will laugh to them and say: ‘O People of Paradise! Where are those who used to obey Me without having ever seen Me? This is the Day of Increase!’

So, they will all give the same response: ‘We are pleased, so be pleased with us!’ So, He will say: ‘O People of Paradise! If I were not pleased with you, I would not have made you inhabitants of My Paradise! So, ask of Me!’ So, they will all give the same response: ‘Show us your Face so that we may look at it!’ So, the Lord – Mighty and Majestic – will remove his covering and will majestify them and will cover them with His Light, which, if Allaah – the Exalted – had not Willed not to burn them, would have burned them.

And there will not remain a single person in this gathering except that his Lord – the Exalted – will speak to him and say:

Do you remember the day that you did this and that?’ and He will remind him of some of his bad deeds in the Worldy life, so he will say:

‘O Lord! Will you not forgive me?’ So, He will say: ‘Of course! You have not reached this position of yours (in Paradise) except by my forgiveness.’’

Know that whoever loves the meeting with Allah, Allah too, loves the meeting with him, and whoever hates the meeting with Allah, Allah too, hates the meeting with him. But know that you have to fulfil the causes to earn Allah’s Love or Anger. And the way to Allah’s Love is through worshipping Him Alone, through obedience. Everytime a person is sincere in their supplication, Allah loves him more. The qualities of those who deserve the glad tidings of Jannah are those who try to please Allah according to the Sunnah. Those who do not break family ties, ties with their brothers and sisters. Those who do not split up the Ummah but rather keep them as one.

Ask yourself every moment of your life …if you were to die in that state, would you be pleased? Would Allah be pleased with you? Would you be pleased to meet Allah in such a state?

How sad it is that when someone passes away, we cry, humble ourselves, turn to Allah for a little while, making promises never to turn back to our disgusting, pitiful, old ways. But when the heart is dead, and the mind is away from Allah, there is not a single tear in sight, not a single turn to Allah.

You find the story of a pious man who wanted to teach his owner a lesson. The master told him one day to plant wheat. The slave took the opportunity and went and collected seeds of barley and planted them instead. As the season drew near, the master was enraged to see that after all this work and time; the slave had planted the wrong seed. In his thrashing rage, he scolded the slave saying, “Why did you do this?”

The righteous slave said, “I had hoped that the barley seeds would come out as wheat.”

The master said, “How can you plant barley seeds and expect it to come out as wheat?”

The slave stopped and said quietly, “How can you disobey Allah and expect for His bounteous mercy? How can you openly challenge his deen and hope for Jannah.”

When we contemplate on our behaviour, do we really think we are worthy of Jannah? Can many of us even call ourselves human? Or are we like those animals that follow nothing but their desires? Many of us talk about change, debate about change, about how we need to do this for the Ummah and that for the Ummah, yet we can’t even change ourselves. Many people know the ins and outs of various sciences, yet they’re devoid of essential knowledge needed for everyday life. Who are you going to help if you can’t even help yourself?

What is one of the main preventions to such a thing? Allah mentions in Surah Kahf. He mentions about a dog. A dog that guarded and accompanied the pious youth, when they took refuge in a cave.

‘…while their dog stretched his forelegs at the entrance.’ Surah Kahf (18:18)

We find that this animal is mentioned in the most Noblest of Books, that it is mentioned by the Most Beautiful of Speech of (Al-‘A’la) the Most High, (Al-Aleem) The All-Knowing, (Al-Hakeem) The All-Wise, (As-Sami)The All-Hearing, (Al-Baseer) The All-Seeing, Allah. This dog is honoured, his story preserved and mentioned from the time of the Prophet (sallahu alayhi wa salam) until the Day of Resurrection, because of the companions he kept. This is the dignity given to a dog because of his companions….Many of us don’t even accompany the same gender let alone the right company.

O upholders of this Ummah! I advise you to fast much as the days are short and the best fasting after Ramadaan is the month of Muharram which we are in. Good deeds bring greater reward in this month. It is also best to fast on the Day of Ashura next week, which is also in the week of the shortest days of the year.

I advise you to pray the night prayer as the best prayer after the obligatory prayer is the night prayer and many of us are awake for it at about 1 o’clock. This is the time when Allah descends to the lowest heaven in the last 3rd of the night. What harm would praying even 2 rakah do?

It has been reported by the righteous predecessors that ‘When Allah chooses good for a person He opens the door to action for him, and closes the door to argumentation; and when Allah chooses evil for a person he opens the door for argumentation and closes the door to action’.

Sabr (Self-Restraint/ Patience) Khutbah

Sabr – The true characteristic of a Muslim

All praises are due to Allah; we seek his aid and his assistance, and ask his forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil of our souls and from the evil of our actions.

Whomever Allah guides, no one will be able to able to mislead him. Whomever he leads astray, nobody can guide him. And I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah alone, having no partners. And I bear witness that Muhammad, SAW, the seal of the prophets, is his slave and messenger.

Ya ‘IbadAllaah, the topic of today’s khutbah, is one that is closely linked to the khutbahs that were delivered by our brothers in the previous weeks. It is closely linked to the khutbah about Tawakul ‘alallaah – Reliance in Allaah, and Istiqaamah – Steadfastness in the deen.

The topic is regarding the true characteristic of a Muslim.

It is regarding this characteristic that Ali Ibn Abi Talib RA has said ‘that this characteristic in relation to Eemaan is like the relation of the head to the body…if the head is chopped off then the body becomes useless. Certainly, the one who has not got this characteristic has no Eemaan, and this characteristic is like a riding beats that never gets tired’. (weak narration)

This characteristic is none other than the characteristic of Patience.

Patience, Ya Ikhwaan, at times of calamity, patience at times of adversity, patience at times of trials and tribulations, patience at the time of afflictions..Patience at times when you feel that something is eating away at your heart.

Patience is something that is becoming a rarity in society today. It is slowly fading away from the hearts of the Muslims. We become impatient at frivolous situations, at trivial matters.

Ibn Qayyum Al Jawziyyah RHM he mentions in one of his works, that patience is a condition of Jannah:

Allaah says in the Qur’aan: Surah Al Mu’minun Chapter 23 Verse 111

“I have rewarded them this day for their patience and constancy (patience): they

are indeed the ones that have achieved Bliss…”

The word constancy here refers to how one continuously remained patience. Such will be the people who will enter Jannah and be saved from the Naar.

May Allaah makes amongst those people who are rewarded with Jannah and saved from the fire …Ameen

It is from the consensus of the Ahlul-‘Ilm that patience is obligatory upon every believer. It is half of one’s faith. Yes, it is hard to keep patient in every situation. But, know that great success lies within patience. The Prophet SAW said in hadeeth recorded in Bukhari and Muslim from Abû Sa’îd al-Khudrî (RA) that “No-one can be given a better and more abundant gift than patience’’.

Allaah tells us that we will face calamities and we will face problems. He says in the Qur’aan:

وَلَنَبْلُوَنَّكُمْ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنَ الْخَوفْ وَالْجُوعِ وَنَقْصٍ مِّنَ الأَمَوَالِ وَالأنفُسِ وَالثَّمَرَاتِ وَبَشِّرِ الصَّابِرِينَ ﴿١٥٥﴾ الَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُم مُّصِيبَةٌ قَالُواْ إِنَّا لِلّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعونَ

Be sure we shall test you with something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods or lives or the fruits (of your toil), but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere,

Those who, when afflicted with a calamity they utter the phrase: “To Allah We belong, and to Him is our return’’

It is a common misconception today, that we will only utter the phrase (innAllaha aw inna ilayhi raaji’oon) at the time of death. Yes, this is permitted however; we should not only restrict ourselves to saying this at the time when a person dies. The word used is ‘مُّصِيبَةٌ’

-Calamity, misfortunes. It is reported from A’ishah RA that the prophet SAW uttered this phrase when the lamp went off at night. Our Mother A’ishah she asked the Prophet SAW: Ya Rasulullaah, is this also a calamity?.. Allah’s Messenger Sallallahu alayhi wa’sallam replied, “Yes. Whatever hurts or causes difficulty to a Muslim is a calamity and on bearing it patiently, it carries Allah’s promise of reward.”

Unfortunately, this phrase is slowly fading away from the tongues of the Muslims. In fact, at the time of the death of a loved one, many people, and especially our womenfolk, they do not adhere to the commands of Allaah ta’ala and the teachings of our prophet Muhammad SAW. This is very dangerous. The prophet SAW was describing the day of judgement to his companions and he mentioned a very scary situation. He said ‘You will find some women on that day who have this Jilbab, this covering on their body. This is not the same as the jilbabs our sisters wear today. The prophet SAW described this clothing by stating that is made from (La’natullaah) the curse of Allaah ta’ala. This is something amazing, we cannot comprehend but, Allaah is competent and is able to do this. The prophet SAW went on to say that these women will also be wearing a cloak/head covering – dir’um- minan naar…made from the fire. This head covering will be sewn by the fire. Wallaahi, this is very scary. She will be in mad state and she will place her hands on her head and she will be screaming. Who is this person Ya Rasulullaah?…Who is this person who is made to suffer such a frightening experience. The prophet SAW said this person is ‘An-Naa-ihah’…This person is a weeper. These people they strike their cheeks, pull their hair out, and they shout ‘Woe to me, Woe to me’…Such people will face such a tremendous punishment. Yes, we are permitted to let the tears flow because Allaah knows we are weak. However, we cannot transgress out limits. Why….because when one acts in such a manner, he/she is not upset at the loss of a loved one, but, rather this expresses disapproval of what Allaah decreed. This is why the Ahlul ‘Ilm, they advise us, that when a brother is writing his will, he writes down that ‘my women are not allowed to wail and cry’..because this causes grief for the deceased. We have to practice patience at the time of death. May Allaah make us of those who are saved from such a punishment..Ameen.

To conclude the first part of the khutbah, I leave you with advice from the scholars of how to achieve patience during difficult times.

1. thinking of the good reward that lies ahead. The more you believe in the rewards that

are waiting for you, the easier it becomes to have patience. If it were not for the

anticipation of the rewards, no goals or objectives pertaining to this life or the hereafter

would have been achieved.

2. Expecting and hoping for a time of ease. This hope in itself offers a measure of

immediate relief;

3. thinking of Allah’s countless blessings. When we realize that we cannot count the

blessings of Allaah because it is so great in number, it becomes easier for us to exercise patience in facing the adversity.

Allaah says in Surah Nahl Verse 18 that if you would count the blessings of Allaah; you will never be able to count them…Truly Allaah is oft-forgiving and most merciful.

Take the example of your eyelashes, Scientists today have said that without eyelashes the risk of eye damage increases greatly because it will allow dust and small objects in the air to enter the eye. Once we contemplate upon this we realise, this difficulty is nothing but a raindrop compared to vast ocean of Allaah’s blessings and favours;

4. Thinking of previous blessings of Allaah. This will remind us of Allaah’s care, and

strengthen our hopes and expectations of a time of ease to come.

May Allaah give us the Tawfique to practice patience.

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Once an enemy ; he slapped Imam Abu Hanifah RHM across the face. The imams response to this is amazing. His reflected patience, it reflected Tawakul-‘alallaah and it reflected steadfastness upon the deen and upon the Quran & Sunnah. The Imaam he responded with words of gold, with words of wisdom and humility. He replied: If I wanted then I could slap you in the manner you slapped me, but I will not do so. If I wanted then I could report you to the khalifah, but I will not do so. I could invoke Allaah to take action against you at the time of Tahajjud, but I will not do so. I can ask for justice on the day of judgement, but I will not do so. But, I assure you that if I receive my record in my right hand and my intercession is accepted, then I assure you that I will not enter Jannah without you. This was the patience, the Tawakul ‘alallaah and the steadfastness upon the deen practiced by Imam Abu Hanifah RHM.

Umm Salamah RA; when her husband passed away, she thought to herself ‘Who is better than the my husband, Abu Salamah RA? He was the first to migrate to the Prophet SAW…However, she bore the death of her husband with patience..she remembered to say ‘Inna Lillaahi Wa Inna Ilyhi Raji’oon…and Allaah decreed for her something better…Allaah decreed that the prophet Muhammad SAW ask for her hand in marriage…and so, she married the prophet Muhammad SAW … the best of men

And lastly, I conclude by sharing the famous story of ‘Urwah Ibn Al-Zubayr RHM. He was once going on a journey with his son, Muhammad to visit the Khalifah at that time – Al Walid Ibn ‘Abdul Malik. . His son, Muhammad was known to be very handsome. He dressed in fine clothes and he braided his hair. The Khalifah he saw him and he said ‘This is how the young people of Quraysh look’ and as a result, he put the evil eye on him. Before, they went back to their home, Muhammad he fell ill and eventually passed away after being trampled on by horses. His father ‘Urwah, then suffered from Gangrene on his leg. Gangrene is when a part of the body decays as a result of dead tissues in the body. It can cause the area infected to turn black or green and also, may cause a foul smell to arise. However, ‘Urwah he remained patience and the doctors told him that they will have to amputate his leg in order to stop the decay spreading. At that time, they had no anaesthetic and no professional medical equipment that we are used to today. They used a saw to amputate his leg. As soon as the saw reached his bone, he fainted. Once he regained his consciousness, he was sweating profusely and he was repeating ‘La Ilaha Ill-Allaah, Allaahu Akbar. When the operation was over, he picked up his leg, kissed it and said ‘I swear by the one who gave me you to utilise, I never used to walk to a place of wrong-action or a place where Allaah prohibits me from being in. He then gave instructions that the leg should be washed, perfumed and wrapped in a cloth and buried.

‘Urwah then set to Madinah where, he would be greeted by his friends and family on the outskirts of Madina. He refused to enter Madinah because he said that the people there will either take amusement over his affliction or they will feel envious for blessings. So, he went to stay in a place in Al-Aqiq. ‘Isa Ibn Talhah came to visit him and consoled him. He said ‘May your enemies fathers perish. Thereafter, he consoled him even more by saying, Allaah has saved most of you, he has given you sanity, he has given you a tongue, he has given you eyesight, he has given you your 2 hands and one of your 2 legs. ‘Urwah remarked at ‘Isa’s kindness and said ‘No one has consoled me as you have’‘Urwah then set to Madinah where, he would be greeted by his friends and family on the outskirts of Madina. He refused to enter Madinah because he said that the people there will either take amusement over his affliction or they will feel envious for blessings. So, he went to stay in a place in Al-Aqiq. ‘Isa Ibn Talhah came to visit him and consoled him. He said ‘May your enemies fathers perish. Thereafter, he consoled him even more by saying, Allaah has saved most of you, he has given you sanity, he has given you a tongue, he has given you eyesight, he has given you your 2 hands and one of your 2 legs. ‘Urwah remarked at ‘Isa’s kindness and said ‘No one has consoled me as you have’

When the doctors came to perform the operation, they had asked ‘Urwah to drink some intoxicants to ease the pain. But, as a person who remained content with what Allaah had decreed, he replied ‘Allaah is testing me, to see the extent of my patience. How could I go against his commands?